ATP [Auditory Training Program] works on the concept of neuroplasticity of our Auditory system - that through the repetition of specific auditory exercises we can change how the brain functions. Neuroplasticity of the brain allows us to learn new skills, however in the case where we are seeking to address specific deficits in the auditory system it is necessary to target the specific aspects of the auditory system that is in deficit.
The aim of auditory training is to stimulate and challenge the auditory system and auditory cortex and thus to utilise the brain’s innate neural plasticity. The brain adapts and changes in response to sensory experiences establishing neural pathways through synaptic organization. Casual exposure to sensory information will not cause permanent neural change, and training to bring change via neural plasticity requires frequent and intense stimulation for sustained periods of time. In other words the ability of the brain to reorganize by forming new neural connections is the cornerstone of auditory training.
The ATP provides the function of surprise by stimulating our auditory interest as it dynamically modifies high fidelity sound in real time. This is unlike other auditory training programs that use predetermined processes and pre-recorded treatments and protocols on their equipment (CDs, ipod, mp3, and mp4), e.g. filtration, as a substitute for the dynamic real time sound treatment delivered by the Besson System. This use of pre-recorded sound treatments compromises the effectiveness of the training program. Alternative products also normally use digital computer based solutions that do not replicate the fidelity of the analogue circuitry used in the Besson Systems.
The Besson Auditory Training System® delivers the following functions:
- Variable real time delivery of acoustic treatments of music and audio vocal exercises through dynamic filtration changes referred to as “gating”, to stimulate the auditory system to experience novelty while reducing auditory habituation. Habituation refers to familiarization which may lead to reduced attention and discriminatory ability to auditory information. Other products normally use pre-recorded sound treatments that do not vary the time or point of stimulation when tracks are replayed (e.g. no dynamic gating in real time), which may cause auditory habituation and thus program inefficiency.
- Modification of the sound by amplifying selected frequencies and attenuating or cutting non required frequencies independently, to bone and air conduction (the two pathways that our auditory system uses to hear and listen).
- Enhancement of the neurophysiological skills of auditory processing by presentation of specific sequentially given activities that drill the complex auditory processing abilities during intensive blocks of therapy.
- Training via a music based program with speech and language activities intended to assist the encoding of language frequencies and the structural properties of sound and speech The program is designed to develop sound perception, auditory processing abilities and receptive language skills which in turn, assist in the development of expressive language abilities.